Our kidneys are an amazing creation. They are more complex than we can imagine, and keep functioning with very little regard from us, until something goes wrong.
The two small organs are located in the lower back on each side of the spine. Their main purpose is to filter the blood and control the levels of potassium, salts, and acids. The filtering structures are small clusters of blood vessels called glomeruli. When they are working properly, they allow the excretion of waste materials into the urine while retaining water, to keep you from dehydrating. There are different types of kidney disease that will hinder the work of the kidneys.
When the kidneys become diseased, excess fluids and waste materials begin to build up in your body. Blood pressure will often elevate, and you will notice swelling and other warning signs to alert you that something is wrong. Here is a list of the major types of kidney disease that we know.
Hereditary kidney disorders usually produce clinical symptoms in both males and females in a persons teen and young adult life. Polycystic kidney disease is the most common hereditary kidney disorder. Cystinuria, primary hyperoxaluria, Alport’s syndrome, and hereditary nephritis are other hereditary kidneys diseases.
Genitourinary tract malformation causes congenital disease. This disease often creates obstructions in the kidneys that causes infection and destruction of tissues in the kidneys. As it progresses, congenital disease will lead to chronic kidney failure.
I personally know what it is like to suffer from kidney stones. The pain is often excruciating and you sometime feel like you are dying, or, and my wife says, giving birth to a baby.
If you have kidney stones, there may be the sudden appearance of sharp, stabbing pain that comes on in waves and then goes away just a rapidly, after you pass the stones. Kidney stones is the formation of sharp, hard crystals in the kidneys and urinary tract. The pain comes from the sharp edges of the stones cutting the walls of your kidneys and urinary tract. On occasion, a large stone can block the urinary tract, and require surgery to remove it.
This disease causes your body to lose large amounts of protein in your urine. High blood cholesterol, low blood protein, excessive fluid retention, and edema are all signs of nephrotic syndrome. Diabetics are usually the ones that suffer the most with nephrotic syndrome.
Renal cell carcinoma is listed as the most common kind of kidney cancer by the National Cancer Institute. When kidney cells begin to grow at an abnormal rate and fail to die off as they should, then kidney cancer develops. Renal cell carcinoma starts in the cells that form the tubules of the kidneys.
Transitional cell carcinoma starts in the cells of the renal pelvis. If you have high blood pressure, are obese, and a smoker, your increase your risk of kidney cancer.
If you take over the counter analgesics and pain medications such as Tylenol, Alieve, Bufferin, etc., on a regular basis, you are at risk for analgesic nephropathy. MedlinePlus states that people who take six or more pills a day for a long period time are at a higher risk for kidney damage. Blood in the urine, vomiting, low back pain, and fatigue are signs of analgesic nephrpathy.
Lupus Nephritis in a kidney inflammation caused by systemic lupus erythematosis. This is an autoimmune disease. The immune system will sometimes produce antibodies that bind to proteins in the blood. Then, get trapped in the kidneys and cause inflammation that causes kidney damage. If you notice dark foamy urine, experience weight gain, and have high blood pressure, ask your health care professional about lupus nephritis.
You may be able to treat some of these kidneys diseases and others may progress and cause severe kidney failure. If your kidney disease has advanced this far, you may need dialysis, or your doctor may talk with you about a kidney transplant.
There are some natural medications and plans that have been used successfully to reverse kidney disease, if it is not life threatening.
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